Nearly 150,000 Indians have died in the past 51 years because of extreme weather: WMO

Excessive climate, local weather and water-related occasions brought about practically 12, 000 disasters worldwide between 1970 and 2021

A flooded Kolkata street after Cyclone Amphan. Photo: iStock A flooded Kolkata road after Cyclone Amphan. Photograph: iStock

Some 138,377 Indians died between 1970 and 2021 in 573 climate-related disasters, the second-highest quantity in Asia after Bangladesh, a brand new evaluation by the World Meteorological Group (WMO) confirmed on Might 22, 2023.

Some 520,758 Bangladeshis died attributable to 281 occasions in these 51 years, a statement by the WMO stated. Myanmar recorded the third-highest variety of human casualties in Asia, principally to the 2008 Cyclone Nargis which struck its Irrawaddy delta area and killed 138,366.

China had the fourth-highest variety of casualties — 88,457 attributable to 740 occasions. Nearly 1 / 4 of deaths resulted from a flood in 1975.

The numbers had been a part of up to date information within the WMO’s Atlas of Mortality and Financial Losses from Climate, Local weather and Water-related hazards. The figures had been launched even because the World Meteorological Congress, the supreme physique of the WMO, began its quadrennial session on Might 22.

The occasion, scheduled until June 2, will see a high-level dialogue on the worldwide marketing campaign to make sure that everybody on the earth is protected by early warning techniques by the top of 2027.

‘Two million deaths’

The WMO additionally revealed that excessive climate, local weather and water-related occasions brought about 11,778 reported disasters between 1970 and 2021, with simply over 2 million deaths and $4.3 trillion in financial losses.

Over 90 per cent of the demise toll was recorded in creating nations.

“Essentially the most weak communities sadly bear the brunt of climate, local weather and water-related hazards,” stated WMO Secretary-Normal Petteri Taalas.

Asia reported the best variety of disasters attributed to climate, local weather and water extremes — 3,612. It recorded 984,263 deaths (47 per cent of all deaths worldwide), with tropical cyclones being the main reason behind reported deaths. These disasters price the continent $ 1.4 trillion in financial losses.

North America, Central America and Caribbean reported the second-highest variety of excessive climate occasions (2,107). These resulted in 77, 454 deaths and $2 trillion in financial losses.

Between 1970 and 2021, the area accounted for 46 per cent of reported financial losses worldwide. The US alone incurred $1.7 trillion, accounting for 39 per cent of losses worldwide within the 51 years.

A lot of the reported financial losses had been attributed to storm-related disasters, and extra particularly, to tropical cyclones.

Africa (1,839 disasters), Europe (1,784 disasters), South-West Pacific (1,493 disasters) and South America (943 disasters) made up the remainder of the checklist.

These areas recorded:

  • 733, 585 deaths and $43 billion in financial losses (Africa)
  • 166, 492 deaths and $562.0 billion in financial losses (Europe)
  • 66, 951 deaths and $185.8 billion in financial losses (South-West Pacific)
  • 58, 484 deaths and $115.2 billion in financial losses (South America)

Whereas droughts brought about 95% of African deaths, excessive temperatures had been the main reason behind  reported deaths in Europe. Tropical cyclones had been the main reason behind demise within the South-West Pacific.  Floods accounted for 61 per cent of the 943 disasters that South America skilled.

Taalas stated mortality charges had fallen because of early warnings. “Extraordinarily extreme cyclonic storm Mocha brought about widespread devastation in Myanmar and Bangladesh, impacting the poorest of the poor. Prior to now, each Myanmar and Bangladesh suffered demise tolls of tens and even a whole bunch of hundreds of individuals. Due to early warnings and catastrophe administration these catastrophic mortality charges at the moment are fortunately historical past. Early warnings save lives,” he stated.  


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