COP27: Kenya’s ambitious hydrogen deal & plan to help Africa exploit green energy 

The multiplier impact of the hydrogen deal will embody job creation and enhance meals safety via its fertiliser manufacturing

(L-R) Kenya President William Ruto, FFI CEO Mark Hutchinson, Kenya Foreign Affairs Minister Alfred Mutua and FFI Executive Chairman Andrew Forrest display copies of the Framework Agreement at COP27 in Egypt. Photo: Presidential Communication Service (L-R) Kenya President William Ruto, FFI CEO Mark Hutchinson, Kenya Overseas Affairs Minister Alfred Mutua and FFI Government Chairman Andrew Forrest show copies of the Framework Settlement at COP27 in Egypt. Photograph: Presidential Communication Service

Kenya lately inked a cope with an Australian agency to ascertain a inexperienced hydrogen and ammonia plant, kickstarting the nation’s plan to utilise inexperienced power throughout the continent.

The economic-scale manufacturing of inexperienced hydrogen and ammonia shall be important in making clear, reasonably priced gasoline and fertiliser for Africa. Additional, it should assist Kenya, which is already main a geothermal revolution throughout Africa, improve its footprint within the renewable power market.

Kenya’s cope with Fortescue Future Industries (FFI), which has an expansive portfolio in inexperienced hydrogen and renewable power tasks worldwide, was signed on the sidelines of the twenty seventh Convention of Events (COP27) to the United Nations Framework Conference on Local weather Change in Egypt.  

Kenya performs a number one position within the renewable power sector, with its geothermal capability (863 megawatts) ranked high in Africa and seventh globally, in response to The International Renewable Energy Agency’s Renewable Capacity Statistics 2022 report.

Kenya President William Ruto signed the cope with the FFI Government Chairman Andrew Forrest. The corporate will arrange an preliminary 300 MW inexperienced hydrogen and ammonia plant within the subsequent three years, which will even produce fertiliser. The undertaking shall be expanded sooner or later, with a goal of including 25 MW.

Ruto mentioned:

There’s nowhere extra essential for us to mark the general public starting of this relationship than right here at COP27 in Sharm El-Sheikh, the place we wish to see actions not phrases. Kenya is a pacesetter of renewable power in Africa and we stay up for the partnership with FFI to speed up the worldwide power transition for the good thing about the continent.

The multiplier impact of the hydrogen deal will embody job creation and enhance meals safety via its fertiliser manufacturing, mentioned Forrest. He emphasised FFI’s dedication to serving to Africa cut back reliance on fossil fuels.

The newest transfer has an estimated yearly output of 1.7 million tonnes for export. This may assist Kenya be part of different continental early adaptors like Nigeria and South Africa to construct Africa’s hydrogen and ammonia capability. 

United Nations Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres appealed to international locations on the ongoing COP27 to transition to inexperienced power rapidly.

A substantial progress is anticipated within the world ammonia capability within the subsequent 5 years, with a doable improve to 284.21 million tonnes each year (Mtpa) in 2025 from 230.88 Mtpa in 2020, in response to the most recent report by GlobalData Plc, a British administration consulting firm.

The FFI deal comes after yet one more inexperienced hydrogen partnership with the UK, concentrating on to supply 30GW. These offers are a part of a broader technique by Kenya to assist Africa transition in direction of inexperienced power. 

Roughly Kenya’s 30 per cent put in capability is produced by unbiased energy producers, whereas 70 per cent is produced by Kenya Electrical energy Producing Firm PLC (KenGen), a 70 per cent state-owned enterprise, in response to the Kenya-Electrical Energy System report.

Barely over 70 per cent of Kenya’s electrical energy is produced from clear / renewable power sources, in response to the report. Of all these sources, geothermal ranks first, even because the nation plans to wean itself off thermal sources.

Kenya has vital renewable power potential because of the nation’s robust photo voltaic output, robust coastal breezes and favorable geology in lots of different places. The $690 million Lake Turkana Wind Energy plant (310 MW), as an example, is poised to be the biggest wind plant throughout the continent as soon as accomplished, the report added.

Kenya’s geothermal management is already being felt throughout the continent, with KenGen aiding varied African international locations to make use of inexperienced power.

KenGen, which has a market share of over 60 per cent in East and Central Africa, has additionally lately gained multi-million {dollars} in tenders to drill a whole bunch of geothermal wells in Rwanda, Ethiopia and Djibouti, amongst others.

“We want that within the subsequent couple of years, we will have a substantial presence throughout the continent,” mentioned KenGen in a press assertion earlier within the yr.

President Ruto requested developed nations at COP27 to spend money on Africa to avoid wasting the globe from the hostile results of local weather change, citing quite a few alternatives.

“There are alternatives to supply 20GW of wind energy and 10GW of geothermal electrical energy,” he mentioned. 

There’s enough hydro-electric potential in East Africa to generate 100,000 MW, the President mentioned. If correctly exploited, this may generate sufficient clear power for Africa and export, he advised the delegates.


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